America's Environmental Histories


American Antiquarian Society
185 Salisbury Street
Worcester, MA 01609
United States

In this seminar, students investigated the roles that both natural and built environments have played in the development of American society. Over the course of the semester, the class moved from broad studies and images of America's environments to local histories of the Blackstone River Valley's natural and built landscapes. Over the first several weeks, the class discussed the "big ideas"- Wilderness and Landscape- that have shaped Americans' relationships with their many environments. The class delved into the history of landscape paintings and other forms of visual culture that disseminate ideas about natural and built environments; students will use the American Antiquarian Society's prodigious collection of graphic arts (including lithographs, city views, photographs, and maps) to assess dominant themes. At this point in the course, the class will narrowed its focus to New England. The class traveled to the Fisher Museum of Forestry and will welcome several guest speakers who work in the field of conservation. The last unit of the course focused on students' original research projects on the environmental histories of the Blackstone River Valley Corridor. Students chose either a "natural" space or an element of the built environment, using the collections of the American Antiquarian Society (Manuscripts, Graphic Arts, Historical Newspapers) to prove their arguments about the significance of this site in the history of the area. At the end of the semester, students presented papers as part of a Conference on the Blackstone River Valley's Environmental Histories. Throughout the course, students learned to see the environments they live in, walk through, and drive past in new and exciting ways.

The following research papers were written by students participating in the seminar, under the supervision of Megan Kate Nelson.

  • "The destruction and creation of a coastal town: Mystic, Connecticut from 1650 to 2009," by Christina Acunzo
  • "Belgrade Lakes, Maine: The history of a summer community and its effect on the environment (1774-2009)," by Isabel K. Burgess
  • "'Fifty thousand electric lights": White City Amusement Park, 1905-1960,' by Rachael Cohen
  • "John M. Hunt Memorial Library building 1892-2009: Public library to civic center," by Katelyn Henmueller
  • "'On land and in water, Quabbin carries the scars of mans' presence': The changing landscape of Enfield, Massachusetts and the Quabbin Reservoir: early settlement to the present," by Shannon Reilly
  • "The ideal environment: The natural and the built environment of Worcester State Hospital during the nineteenth century," by Shannon Reynolds
  • "From a 17th-century Nipmuc Village to a 19th-century college campus: The transformation of Pakachoag Hill within the New England landscape," by Laurel Richardson
  • "Peace Field: An environmental history from 1820 to the present," by Timothy Sossa
Seminar Leader