The American Antiquarian Society awards over forty-five fellowships annually. Fellowships are offered for postdoctoral academics,  advanced gradate students, independent scholars, as well as for creative and performing artists and writers. 

AAS fellowships are designed to enable awardees to spend an uninterrupted block of time doing research in the AAS library collections. Discussing this work with staff and other readers is a hallmark of an AAS fellowship. Tenures range from four weeks to twelve months.