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Further Reading

Further Reading

Brownson, Orestes. The Laboring Classes: An Article from the Boston Quarterly Review. Boston: Benjamin H. Greene, 1840.

Cook, Sylvia. Working Women, Literary Ladies: The Industrial Revolution and Female Aspiration. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

———. “‘Oh Dear! How the Factory Girls Do Rig Up!’: Lowell's Self-Fashioning Workingwomen.” New England Quarterly 83.2 (June 2010): 219-49.

Diner, Hasia. Erin’s Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

Dublin, Thomas. Transforming Women’s Work: New England Lives in the Industrial Revolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.

———. Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826-1860. New York: Columbia University Press, 1981.

Foner, Philip S. The Factory Girls. University of Illinois Press, 1977.

Gordon, Wendy M. Mill Girls and Strangers: Single Women’s Independent Migration in England, Scotland, and the United States, 1850-1881. Albany: SUNY Press, 2002.

Larcom, Lucy. A New England Girlhood, Outlined from Memory. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1889.

Leary, Caitlin. “Gold Watches and Old Maids: The Lowell Offering’s Role in the Emerging Social Consciousness of 19th Century Factory Girls, 1840-1845.” Atlanta Review of Journalism History 10.1 (2012): 26-40.

Merish, Lori. “Factory Labor and Literary Aesthetics: The ‘Lowell Mill Girl,’ Popular Fiction, and the Proletarian Grotesque.” Arizona Quarterly 68.4 (Winter 2012): 1-34.

Ranta, Judith. Women and Children of the Mills: An Annotated Guide to Nineteenth-Century American Textile Literature. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Robinson, Harriet. Loom and Spindle; or, Life Among the Early Mill Girls. New York: T. Y. Crowell, 1898.

Roediger, David R. and Philip S. Foner. Our Own Time: A History of American Labor and the Working Day. London: Verso, 1989. 

Images from  George Crompton's Fancy Looms (between 1856 and 1864) and Pacific Mills Lawerence, MA (after 1853).