Barham, Hortus Americanus


Barham, Hortus Americanus


This encyclopedia (sadly without illustration) describes the numerous plants native to the western hemisphere, including South America, but particularly focused on Jamaica. The author focuses on the “uses in medicine, diet, and mechanics” of each plant, and in so doing reveals the relationship between humans and the natural world in the pre-eighteenth-century Caribbean. Particularly rich indices at the back include a Linnaean index and an index of diseases with their associated remedies.

Title as Issued

Hortus Americanus: containing an account of the trees, shrubs, and other vegetable productions, of South-America and the West India Islands, and particularly of the island of Jamaica; interspersed with many curious and useful observations, respecting their uses in medicine, diet, and mechanics.


Henry Barham


Kingston, Jamaica, 1794


“Barham, Hortus Americanus,” The Caribbeana Project at AAS, accessed February 6, 2023,

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