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Insane Hospital (Boston, Massachusetts)

View:    Insane Hospital
Description:    Plate, 7” in dark blue with repetitive rose and leaf medallion border.  Central hospital building with portico and bilateral wings with feathery-leaved tree on the right and fence in the foreground. The Boston Insane Hospital was opened on October 1, 1818, by the Massachusetts General Hospital.  
Potter: John & William Ridgway, 1814-1830 (Cauldon Place) Hanley
Date: ca. 1825
Artist: Abel Bowen (1790-1850) Artist and Engraver      

Printed on back of plate in blue cartouche: (above) BEAUTIES of AMERICA, (within cartouche) INSANE HOSPITAL/BOSTON, (below cartouche) J & W RIDGWAY

View Source: The view transferred onto the plate by Ridgway’s potters used only the central building out of three after a drawing and line engraving by Abel Bowen inscribed “Entered According to Act of Congress by A. Bowen. (right corner) A. Bowen del. et Sc." The engraving was published facing page 361 in Caleb Snow’s A History of Boston, the Metropolis of Massachusetts, from its Origin to the Present Period; with Some Accounts of the Environs. Boston: Published by Abel Bowen, No. 2, Congress-Square, Congress-Street. Printed by Munroe and Francis, 128 Washington-Street, 1825. (AAS: LML Bost Snow H824)
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