From English to Algonquian: Early New England Translations



This exhibition was curated by Kimberly Toney, Head of Readers’ Services at the American Antiquarian Society. The project grew out of Kim’s own interest in her Nipmuc heritage and her desire to learn more about the texts that now provide the basis for many tribal language reclamation projects.

This exhibition could not have been completed without the help of many. Thanks go to Molly Hardy and Dan Boudreau for their constant feedback and support. Many thanks also to the AAS Omekeans who offered myriad suggestions for the design and content of this site. Thanks also go to Nikki Grdinich and Babette Gehnrich for coordinating the photography of the rare materials highlighted in this exhibition.


Selected Bibliography

Amory, Hugh. First Impressions: Printing in Cambridge, 1639-1989: An Exhibition at the Houghton Library and the Harvard Law School Library, October 6 through October 27, 1989. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University, 1989.

Brooks, Lisa. “Turning the Looking Glass on King Philip’s War: Locating American Literature in Native Space.” American Literary History 25, no. 4 (December 1, 2013): 718–50. doi:10.1093/alh/ajt052.

Eliot, John, Thomas Thorowgood, Richard Baxter, and Michael Clark, eds. The Eliot Tracts: With Letters from John Eliot to Thomas Thorowgood and Richard Baxter. Contributions in American History, no. 199. Westport, Conn: Praeger Publishers, 2003.

Grandjean, Katherine. American Passage: The Communications Frontier in Early New England. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2015.

Leach, Douglas Edward. Flintlock and Tomahawk; New England in King Philip’s War. New York: Macmillan, 1958.

Lepore, Jill. “Dead Men Tell No Tales: John Sassamon and the Fatal Consequences of Literacy.” American Quarterly 46, no. 4 (1994): 479–512. doi:10.2307/2713381.

Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1998.

Littlefield, George Emery. The Early Massachusetts Press, 1638-1711. Burt Franklin Bibliography and Reference Series 118. New York: Burt Franklin, 1969.

Lopenzina, Drew. Red Ink: Native Americans Picking up the Pen in the Colonial Period. Native Traces. Albany: SUNY Press, 2012.

Mandell, Daniel R. King Philip’s War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty. Witness to History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Pilling, James Constantine, and Wilberforce Eames. Bibliography of the Algonquian Languages. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 13. Washington, D.C: U.S. Govt. Print. Off, 1891.

Reese, William S. The Printers’ First Fruits: An Exhibition of American Imprints, 1640-1742, from the Collections of the American Antiquarian Society. Worcester: American Antiquarian Society, 1989.

Round, Phillip H. Removable Type: Histories of the Book in Indian Country, 1663-1880. Chapel Hill [N.C.]: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Szasz, Margaret. Indian Education in the American Colonies, 1607-1783. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988.

Winship, George Parker. The Cambridge Press, 1638-1692: A Reexamination of the Evidence Concerning the Bay Psalm Book and the Eliot Indian Bible as Well as Other Contemporary Books and People. Publication of the A.S.W. Rosenbach Fellowship in Bibliography. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1945.

Wood, William, and Alden T. Vaughan. New England’s Prospect. The Commonwealth Series. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1977.