Las Escuelas, Schools in the U.S. and Argentina
Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino, 1811-1888. Las Escuelas: Base de la Prosperidad i de la Republica en los Estados Unidos. Nueva York: [D. Appleton], 1866.
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The first edition of this seminal work by a future Argentine president did much to disseminate American educational theory throughout South America. In 1865, Sarmiento was appointed Argentine ambassador to the United States; Las Escuelas constitutes his official report on the schools in the U.S. to the Argentine Minister of Public Instruction. It includes a lengthy biography of Horace Mann and disquisition on Massachusetts schools, an interesting discussion of efforts under way to educate newly freed slaves, a Spanish translation of Civil Polity a Branch of School Education by Worcester’s own Emory Washburn, and a description of the model “Escuela Sarmiento” newly established in Argentina. Although printed in New York, Sarmiento’s work was intended for distribution in South America—bound in at the end are no fewer than three trade catalogs in Spanish: two for Spanish-language schoolbooks published by D. Appleton & Co. and Ivison, Phinney, Blakeman & Co. for the Latin American market, and another for school furniture manufactured by the New York firm of Robert Paton. This copy appropriately bears the ownership stamps of a Buenos Aires educational society.