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The Illustrated Inventory of Paul Revere's works
at the American Antiquarian Society

 
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Revere Collection - Currency
Note I: plates are ordered here as they appear in the Currency Collection front(s) and reverse(s)

Note II: this section represents a selection of Revere currency items; AAS has other denominations of many of the notes and bills than are included in this section; only one representative from each emission is provided with a list of the other AAS holdings of emissions.

Image(s): Location & Description:



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[1] July 28, 1775
Currency Collection
[Note of credit July 28, 1775; front].
[1775]; sheet: (22.1 x 17.8 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 73. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill of credit for the colony-use currency. Text is engraved at top “Colony of Massachusetts Bay” “No. [2018].” “The [28] day of [July] A.D. 1775” At the center of the sheet is engraved and manuscript text which reads “Borrowed [and received] of [Nathaniel Eaton] the Sum of [Eight Pounds nineteen] lawful money for the use and service of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, and in behalf of said Colony, I do hereby promise and oblige myself and successors in the Office of treasurer or Receiver General to repay to the Said [Nathaniel Eaton] or to his Order, the first Day of June one Thousand Seven hundred & Seventy [Seven], the aforementioned Sum of [Eight pound & nineteen] lawful money, in Spanish Mill’d Dollars, at Six Shillings each, or in the Several Species of coined Silver & Gold, enumerated in an Act made and passed in the twenty third Year of his late Majesty King George the Second, intituled [sic] “An Act for Ascertaining the Rates at which coined Silver & Gold, English half pences & farthings may pass within this Government” and according to the Rates therein mentioned, with Interest to be paid annually at Six per Cent. Witness my hand.”

The image is signed and bears a strikethrough in the right “Henry Gardner” and beneath { [pound] 8.19 and countersigned in the left Samuel Dexter, Stephen Hall and Lemuel Kollock, of the Massachusetts Congress. Image in the left is bordered with elaborate mantling and Chippendale style flourishes. There are three enclosed motifs. At the top is a fish; beneath that is a standing Native American figure of a man holding liberty pole and cap and beneath, the monogram/initials “CMB.” Beneath is the text “A]merican Paper. Note: image is indented and trimmed on the left margin to match the cutting on the holder’s copy beneath. Verso inscribed “Nath[aniel] Eaton No 2000 a[t] 3000 Listed.”



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[2] May 25, 1775
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book I]
[Note of May 25, 1775].
[1775]; sheet: (8 x 19.5 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 74. Link to Brigham.

Engraved note for the soldier-use currency. Engraved text at top reads “Colony of the Massachusetts Bay.} [No.  ] May 25 1775” with the date and year enclosed in dark circles. The remaining engraved text reads “The possessor of this Note shall be intitled [sic] to receive out of the Publick Treasury of this Colony the Sum of Ten Shillings lawfull Money on the twenty fifth day of May A.D. 1776 with Interest at the Rate of Six pr ct. P Annum; and this Note shall be received in all payments at the Treasury, at any time after the date hereof for the principal sum without Interest, if so paid before the said 25th day of May A.D. 1776.” Receiver Generl” Engraved image to the far left bordering the text features two Chippendale-style leaves surrounding the monogram “CMB.” “No.” and “American Paper” beneath. Paul Revere’s handwriting on reverse of note reads “This was the Patern Bill Struck for the 26,000 [pound] Emission and can be of no use but to keep in being the form and Tenour thereof that those who Come after may see the same –.” Note: this copy has not been trimmed along left hand side and has not been filled in. 

Emissions May 25, 1775:

  • [blank]
  • No. 1238 for Six Shillings
  • No. 1477 for Ten Shillings
  • No. 985 [trimmed] for Twelve Shillings
  • No. 3607 for Fiveteen [sic] Shillings
  • No. 2913 for Sixteen Shillings
  • No. 3831 for Eighteen Shillings
  • No. 3283 (hand sewn) for Twenty Shillings
  • No. 2789 for Twelve Shillings

 



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[3] July 8, 1775
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book I]
[Note of July 8, 1775].
[1775]; sheet: (8 x 16.8 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 74. Link to Brigham.

Engraved note for the soldier-use currency. Engraved text is the same as the May 25, 1775 note excepting that header reads “Colony of the Massachusetts Bay} No. [4529] and “July 8 1775” with the date and year enclosed in dark circles. The note is made out for the sum of “Fourteen Shillings.” Sheet is indented on left margin which removes some of the engraved image and only the word “Paper” is legible. Signature in bottom left reads “L[emuel] Robinson” and in right “H Gardner.”

Emission July 8, 1775:

  • No. 4529 for Fourteen Shillings

 

 



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[4] August 18, 1775
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book I]
[Bill of August 18, 1775].
[1775]; sheet: (9.6 x 7.5 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 75. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill of credit for Massachusetts Bay in accordance with the Act of August 23, 1775; back-dated to the 18th of August. On the front side of the bill, within the Chippendale style mantling, is the number “6971”, in manuscript, and the denomination “40s” to the left and right contained within ovals. Text reads “Colony of the Massachusetts Bay } Aug 18, 1775. The Possessor of this Bill Shall be paid, by the Treasurer of this Colony, Forty Shillings. Lawfull Money by the Eighteenth Day of Aug. 1779, which Bill Shall be received for the aforesaid sum in all payments at the Treasury, and in all other payments by order of the General Assembly.”

In the lower left in an oval frame is a ship with three masts on the ocean with the text “Committee” engraved beneath. In the lower right is signed J. (James) Prescott, Colonel and T. (Thomas) Plimpton (Plympton), Deacon, both of the Massachusetts Congress in different colored inks. Denomination is repeated, flanking each side of the signatures.

On the reverse is the figure of a standing man, described by Brigham as an American, with the value of the bill “FORTY SHILLINGS” engraved in caps at the top as well as the date “ Augt. 18, 1775” beneath. Figure is wearing a tri-corn hat, overcoat, vest, and sword-sheath at waist holding onto a sword and a rolled copy of the Magna Charta. Surrounding the figure are two semi-circles of inscription reading “Ense petit placidam sub Libertate Quietem” beneath and “Issued in Defense of American Liberty” above. Trimmed on right hand margin with visible manuscript signature reads “Capt [J] Davis.”

Emissions August 18, 1775:

  • [not visible] for One Shilling
  • No. 4459 for One Shillings
  • [not visible] for Two Shillings
  • No. 5448 for Two Shillings
  • [not visible] for Two Shillings
  • [not visible] for Four Shillings
  • No. 4044 for Two Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 9467 for Two Shillings and Six Pence
  • [not visible] for Ten Shillings
  • [not visible] for Four Shillings
  • No. 9039 for Seven Shillings
  • [not visible] for Five Shillings
  • No. 129 for Twelve Shillings
  • No. 452 for Twelve Shillings
  • No. 6971 for Forty Shillings
  • No. 5509 for Thirty Shillings
  • No. 7027 for Forth Shillings


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[5] December 7, 1775
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book I]
[Bill of credit December 7, 1775].
[1775]; sheet: (9.6 x 7.5 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 75. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill of credit for December 7, 1775 for Massachusetts Bay Colony. Chippendale style mantling surrounds the engraved text; in the center is an oval space and the manuscript number “5035” as well as the denomination “36s” to the left and right contained within oval mantling. Text reads “Colony of the Massachusetts Bay} Decmr 7 1775. The Possessor of this Bill Shall be paid by the Treasurer of this Colony Thirty six shillings Lawfull Money by the 7th day of Decmr 1781 which Bill shall be received for the aforesaid sum in all payments at the Treasury and in all other payments by order of the General Assembly.” To the left, contained within an oval is a ship facing right with engraved text “Committee” beneath. Signed J. (Joseph) Wheeler and T. (Thomas) Rice both of the Massachusetts Congress.

Reverse of the bill is the same image as appears on the August 18th issue with different denomination and dates above and below.

Emissions December 7, 1775:

  • [not visible] for Eight-Pence
  • No. 3611 for Eight Pence
  • No. 983 for One Shilling four pence
  • [not visible] for One Shilling and Six Pence
  • [not visible] for Two Shillings and Eight Pence
  • No. 3514 for Three Shillings
  • No. 5578 for Three Shillings and Four-Pence
  • No. [4934?] for Four Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. [1807?] for Ten Shillings
  • No. 2644 for Fourteen Shillings
  • No. [4044?] for Sixteen Shillings
  • No. [3945?] for Twenty Eight Shillings
  • No. 5035 for Thirty Six Shillings
  • No. 552 for Forty Two Shillings
  • No. 2274 for Forty eight Shillings



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[6] September 17, 1776
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book II]
[Bill of September 17, 1776].
[1776]; sheet: (9.6 x 7.6 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 76. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill of credit for September 17, 1776 for Massachusetts Bay State. Surrounding engraved text is Chippendale style mantling. Central is an oval, left blank to be filled in with a number; this example features No. 2232. Circles to the left and right read the value of “10s”; at the base of the mantling is additional denotation of bill’s value. Central text reads “STATE of the Massachusetts Bay. } Sept. 17. 1776 Massachusetts Bay. The Possessor of this Bill shall be paid by the Treasurer of this State, Ten Shillings. Lawfull Money by the 7th Day of Decm 1781 Which Bill shall be received for the aforesaid sum in all payments at the Treasury and in all other payments by order of the General Assembly.” In lower left is a ship in an oval; beneath engraved text reads “Committee}” signed “J. (Jonas) Dix” (Mass. Congress).

Image on reverse is the same American figure as the August 18, 1775 and December 7, 1775 bills of credit; value at top reads “TEN SHILLINGS” and beneath “Septemr 17 1776.” Note: featured image is different from what appears on Brigham’s plate #76 and the example featured here is a light impression.

Emission September 17, 1776:

  • No. 2232 for Ten Shillings


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[7] November 17, 1776
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book II]
[Bill of November 17, 1776].
[1776]; sheet: (9.8 x 8 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 76. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill of credit for November 17, 1776 for Massachusetts Bay State. Surrounding engraved text is Chippendale style mantling. Central is an oval, left blank to be filled in with a number; this example features No. 1503. Circles to the left and right read the value of “10s”; at the base of the mantling is additional denotation of bill’s value. Central text reads “STATE of the Massachusetts Bay. } Sept. 17. 1776 Massachusetts Bay. The Possessor of this Bill shall be paid by the Treasurer of this State, Ten Shillings. Lawfull Money by the 7th Day of Decm 1781 Which Bill shall be received for the aforesaid sum in all payments at the Treasury and in all other payments by order of the General Assembly.” In lower left is a ship in an oval; beneath engraved text reads “Committee}” signed “I. (Ichabod) Goodwin (Jr.)” (Mass. Congress).

Image on reverse is similar to the American figure as the August 18, 1775 and December 7, 1775 and September 17, 1776 bills of credit however the rolled document reads “Independence” instead of “Magna Charta”; value at top reads “THIRTY-SIX SHILLINGS” and beneath “Novembr 17 1776.” Note: featured image is different from what appears on Brigham’s plate #76.

Emissions November 17, 1776:

  • No. 2599 for Ten Shillings
  • No. 2289 for Sixteen Shillings
  • No. 1503 for Forty eight shillings

 



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[8] October 18, 1776
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book II]
[Bill of October 18, 1776].
[1776]; sheet: (6.5 x 7.6 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 77. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill for October 18, 1776 for Massachusetts State. On the front of the bill is engraved text. At the top is a cod fish facing right in an oval border flanked with 1776 on both sides. On a ribbon scroll beneath is “Massachusetts State” To the left and right is the value “1/6” as well as two columns which read “One Shilling & six pence” vertically on their exterior; beneath the columns is the denomination listed again. Also on the front is a space for the Number (this example is 1963) and the date “Octor 18.” In the center is the text “One shilling and six pence. This Bill entitles the Bearer to receive Eighteen pence LM out of the Treasury of this State by the 18 of Octor 1784 & shall be received for that Sum in all payments Agreeable to an Act of said State.” Beneath, written vertically is the text “} Com ‘tee” The bill is signed beneath “D. (Drummer) Jewet(t)” of the Massachusetts Congress.

On the reverse is a pine tree in the center surrounded by a border made of ornamental type cuts. Value at top reads “One shilling and six Pence.” And beneath “Boston: Printed by John Gill. October 1776.”

Emissions Bill of October 18, 1776:

  • No. 1554 for Two Pence
  • No. 4942 for Three Pence
  • No. 1343 for Four Pence
  • No. 3815 for Six Pence
  • No. 1956 for One Shilling
  • No. 1294 for One Shilling
  • No. 4964 for Eighteen Pence
  • No. 1963 for Eighteen Pence
  • No. 2915 for Eight Pence
  • No. 2424 for Eight Pence
  • No. 1284 for Nine Pence
  • [not visible] for One shilling [marked 12d]
  • No. 4092 for Two Shillings
  • No. 2049 for Two Shillings
  • No. 1879 for Two Shillings
  • No. 3012 for Three Shillings
  • No. [1796?] for Three Shillings
  • No. 2084 for Three Shillings
  • No. 1305 for Four Shillings
  • No. 5958 for Four Shillings
  • [not visible] for Four Shillings
  • No. 2726 for Four Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 1276 for Four Shillings and Six Pence



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[9] October 16, 1778
Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book II]
[Bill of October 16, 1778].
[1778]; sheet: (6.5 x 7.4 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 77. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill for October 16, 1778 for Massachusetts State. On the front is a cod fish facing left in an oval with the date 1778 on either side and the text “Massachusetts State” on a ribbon scroll beneath. On both sides of the text are two columns with ribbon scrolls winding down their exterior which read “Three Shillings” on them; one ribbon is upside down. The value of the bill is in the four corners and reads “3s.” On top of one of the columns is a space for the number, this one listed as “No. 1100” and to the right the date “Octor [October] 16.” Central text reads “_THREE SHILLINGS._ This Bill entitles the Bearer to receive Three shillings LM out of the Treasury of this State by the 18 of Octor [October]1784 and shall be received for that Sum in all payments Agreeable to an Act of said STATE.” In lower right is vertical text “Committee }” and signed “Tho [Thomas] Dawes” of the Massachusetts Congress.

On the reverse is a pine tree surrounded by text and a border of type cuts. At the top is the denomination “THREE PENCE” with a line bar. Beneath, in heavily scripted font, is text “BOSTON,” and the date “October 1778.”

Emissions Bill of October 16, 1778:

  • No. 6561 for Two Pence
  • No. 1199 for Two Pence
  • No. 5592 for Three Pence
  • No. 2534 for Four Pence
  • No. 5327 for Eight Pence
  • No. 1173 for Eight Pence
  • No. 7534 for Eight Pence
  • No. 2358 for Nine Pence
  • No. 3182 for Twelve Pence
  • No. 7108 for Twelve Pence
  • No. 7196 for One Shilling and six Pence
  • No. 2841 for One Shilling and six Pence
  • No. 7527 for Two Shillings
  • No. 4364 for Two Shillings
  • No. 6646 for Three Shillings
  • No. 1100 for Three Shillings
  • No. 6563 for Four Shillings
  • No. 236[7?] for Four Shillings
  • No. 5224 for Four Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 1099 for Four Shillings and Six Pence
  • [not visible] for Four Pence
  • No. 5018 for Four Pence
  • No. 4832 for Six Pence
  • No. 1100 for Six Pence


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[10] Bill of Rising Sun

Currency Collection [Massachusetts Colonial Currency Book II]
[Bill of Rising Sun 1779].
[1779]; sheet: (7.5 x 6.3 cm). plate: (not visible).
Brigham plate 77. Link to Brigham.

Engraved bill for 1779 for Massachusetts State; known as the “Rising Sun” bill emission. On a ribbon scroll at the top is the text “Massachusetts State” beneath is the Number (this one is No. 131) and below that in italics is the value of “TWO SHILLINGS” flanked with the value “2/” on either side. There are two vertical borders of arches to the left and right and central is the text “Shall be paid to the Bearer of this Bill by the 1 Day of Decem 1782 agreeable to an Act of the Gene Court of said State.” Beneath is the signature “Geo. (George) Partridge” of the Massachusetts Congress. As well as the value listed again. To the right of the text, border with a line is an image of a sun with sunbursts rising over hills as well as the text “Rising.” Beneath.

On the reverse is a pine tree. There is also a double border, one line, the other type ornamental cuts. The value is listed above the image of the tree as “TWO SHILLINGS.” With a line and the place “BOSTON,” and year “1779.” beneath.

Emissions Rising Sun Bill of 1779:

  • No. 4[2?]79 for One Shilling
  • [not visible/given] for one Shilling and six Pence
  • No. 131 for Two Shillings
  • No. 2298 for Two Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 269 for Three Shillings
  • No. 958 for Three Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 2110 for Three Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. [8?]498 for Four Shillings
  • No. 175 for Four Shillings
  • No. 3051 for Four Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 8127 for Four Shillings and Eight pence
  • [no number] for Five Shillings
  • No. 2451 for Five Shillings
  • No. 6138 for Five Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 2985 for Five Shillings and Six Pence
  • No. 4342 for Five Shillings and Six Pence



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This site last updated: March 2011
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