Scholars interested in researching the Grant, Burr, or Cowles families may find the following resources useful in their initial survey of the field. The letters provide a window into a variety of aspects of nineteenth-century life: utopian reform, women's education in New England, education in the West, homesteading, the California gold rush, and the early efforts to minister to African-Americans during emancipation. This bibliography is only an entry point into various fields of study, and each resource was chosen with the letters and family in mind. Other researchers interested in compiling a family history bibliography will find the family history section particularly relevant to their work, as the bibliography is a virtually complete resource on the Grant family for the time period covered by the letters in the online collection.
Billington, Ray Allen. The Far Western Frontier, 1830-1860. New York: Harper and Brothers,
Billington's conception of the frontier as a cultural, not geographical, place capable on
eternally renewing America's exceptional belief in democracy and equality.
Evans, Sara M. Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America. New York: Free Press, 1989.
While Evans highlights diversity in American women's history, she stresses that women's
activism and participation in civic life was essential to the development of American
Howe, Daniel Walker. What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America: 1815-1848.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
One of the best syntheses covering the first half of the century. Howe's work is useful for
scholars looking for an introduction to nineteenth-century evangelicalism, women's history,
utopian reform, and westward expansion. Howe's work is also useful for its coverage of
McPherson, James. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University
Civil War history in the Oxford American history set. Useful for an overview of the entire
Beadie, Nancy. "Female Students and Denominational Affiliation: Sources of Success and
Variation Among Nineteenth-Century Academies." American Journal of Education 107, no.
2 (1999): 75-115.
Kelley, Mary. Learning to Stand and Speak: Women, Education, and Public Life in America's
Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
For an analysis of the female counterpart to the nineteenth-century male world of higher
education and the mind in the context of the "civil society."
Nash, Margaret A. Women's Education in the United States, 1780-1840. New York:
Sweet, Leonard I. "The Female Seminary Movement and Woman's Mission in Antebellum
America." Church History 54, no. 1 (1985), 41-55.
Education in the West:
Barnard, John. From Evangelicalism to Progressivism at Oberlin College, 1866-1917.
Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969.
Still useful for an intellectual history of Oberlin College, particularly for its place
in the history of evangelicalism.
Shumway, A.L. Oberliniana: A Jubilee Volume of Semi-Historical Anecdotes Connected with
the Past and Present of Oberlin College, 1833-1883. Gallon: Fisher Printing, 1983.
Personal Narratives and the Civil War
Armstrong, Warren B. "Union Chaplains and the Education of Freedmen." Journal of Negro
History 52, no. 2 (1967): 104-115.
Places Joel Grant in the broader context of his work as chaplain and work with African-
Americans during the Civil War.
Bonner, Robert E. The Soldier's Pen: Firsthand Impressions of the Civil War. New York: Hill
and Wang, 2006.
Sixteen soldiers' diaries that provide supplementary primary source evidence for the Grant-
Brinsfield, John W., et. al., eds. Faith in the Fight: Civil War Chaplains. Mechanicsburg:
Silber, Nina and Mary Beth Sievens, eds. Yankee Correspondence: Civil War Letters Between
New England Soldiers and the Home Front. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia,
A collection of letters ranging from accounts of the southern front to the draft, the collection
also features the letters of one family throughout the Civil War period.
Wilson, Keith P. Campfires of Freedom: The Camp Life of Black Soldiers During the Civil War.
Kent: Kent State University Press, 2002.
Looks at the culture and acculturation of U.S. Colored Troops camp life. Useful for placing
Joel Grant's work with black soldiers in a broader context of Civil War camp culture.
Frontier Experience and California Life:
Carstensen, Vernon. The Public Lands: Studies in the History of the Public Domain. Madison:
University of Wisconsin Press, 1963.
Greever, William S. The Bonanza West: The Story of the Western Mining Rushes, 1848-1900.
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.
Overview of mining in the West during the great booms in the western territories and states.
Johnson, Susan Lee. Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush. New York:
For a more complete picture of the ethnically diverse world of the California gold rush.
Linklater, Andro. Measuring America: How an Untamed Wilderness Shaped the United States
and Fulfilled the Promise of Democracy. New York: Walker & Company, 2002.
Study of land ownership and land measurement looking at the roots of homesteading in
Riley, Glenda. The Female Frontier: A Comparative View of Women on the Prairie and the
Plains. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988.
Reevaluates frontier life from a female perspective and suggests that American regional
distinctions may not be as significant in family life for women on the frontier.
Starr, Kevin. Rooted in Barbarous Soil: People, Culture, and Community in Gold-Rush
California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Places the California Gold Rush in an urban context as well as situates the gold rush in a
broader history of race and gender.
Nineteenth-Century Reform and Reformers:
Bushman, Claudia. "A Good Poor Man's Wife": Being a Chronicle of Harriet Hanson
Robinson and her Family in Nineteenth-Century New England. Hanover: University Press of
New England, 1998.
Biography of millworker Robinson that teases out the tensions between women's reform
clubs, antislavery reform, and domestic life.
Epstein, Barbara Leslie. The Politics of Domesticity: Women, Evangelism, and Temperance in
Nineteenth-Century America. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1981.
Particularly relevant for its discussion of women's place in the Second Great Awakening and
its suggestion that female dependency rendered women's isolation in the domestic sphere not
empowering but ultimately limiting.
Guarneri, Carl J. The Utopian Alternative: Fourierism in Nineteenth-Century America. Ithaca:
Cornell University Press, 1991.
A history of Fourierism that details its more moderate and radical critiques of American
democracy and capitalism before the Civil War.
Porterfield, Amanda. Mary Lyon and the Mount Holyoke Missionaries. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1997.
Traces and reconciles Lyon's conception of education from its practical roots as a seminary
for the middle-class woman to its evangelical missionary work.
Social Life in Nineteenth-Century New England:
Berend, Zsuzsa. "'The Best or None!' Spinsterhood in Nineteenth-Century New England."
Jounral of Social History 33, no. 4 (2000): 935-957.
Cott, Nancy F. The Bonds of Womanhood. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.
Presents women's domestic life and womanhood as empowering ideologies before the advent
of the early woman's rights movement.
Decker, William Merrill Decker. Epistolary Practices: Letter Writing in America before
Telecommunications. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Examination of the material form of the letter, with special focus on prominent nineteenth-
century figures like Emerson, Dickinson, and Henry Adams.
Hansen, Karen V. A Very Social Time: Crafting Community in Antebellum New England.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.
With particular emphasis on wage laborers, Hansen's study presents the idea of the "social" as
a useful conceptual category for everyday life in antebellum America.
Zboray, Ronald and Mary Saracino. Everyday Ideas: Socioliterary Experience Among
Antebellum New Englanders. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006.
Online Archives and Other Online Resources:
Banister, Zilpah P. Grant (1794-1874) Papers, 1820-1874. Five Colleges Archives Digital
Northern Visions of Race, Region, and Reform in the Press and Letters of Freedmen and Freedmen's Teachers in the Civil War Era (Curated by Lucia Knoles)
Teach U.S. History.org: Aspects of the Changing Status of New England Women, 1790-1840
"California as I Saw It": First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900
"Occupied Corinth: The Contraband Camp and the First Alabama Regiment of African Descent,
1862-1864." Online National Parks Services resources for further information on Joel Grant and his Civil War ministry.
For Further Information:
Banister Papers, 1803-1971. Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections.
Burton, Theodore Elijah (1851-1929). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Grant, Elijah P. (1808-1874) Papers. University of Illinois, Illinois History and Lincoln
Grant Family Papers, 1778-1913. Five Colleges Archives & Manuscript Collections.
Grant Family Papers, 1836-1874. Five Colleges Archives & Manuscript Collections.
Jones Family Papers, 1835-1932. Oberlin College Archives.
Records of the Field Offices for the State of Arkansas, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and
Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned
Lands. Microfilm M 1901.
Family History and Related Works:
American Missionary. 1, no. 1 (1887).
Andrews, Alfred. Memorial. Genealogy, and Ecclesiastical History [of First Church, New
Britain, Connecticut]. Chicago: A.H. Andrews, 1867.
Blanchard, Rufus. History of DuPage County, Illinois. Chicago: O.L. Baskin & Co., 1882.
Brown, Anselm B. Memorial Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Rev. Joel Grant: Delivered at
the Congregational Church, Lockport, Illinois. Chicago: Cushing, Parsons & Thomas, 1874.
Chetlain, Augustus Louis. Recollections of Seventy Years. Galena: Gazette Publishing
Coffin, Levi. Reminiscences of Levi Coffin. Cincinnati: Robert Clark & Company, 1881.
Cone, William Russell. Memorial of the Class of 1830, Yale College. Hartford, 1885.
Crissey, Forrest. Theodore E. Burton, American Statesman. Cleveland: World Publishing
Includes index and a good history of the Grant family. Also included a detailed account of
Elizabeth Grant's life and the influence of Almon Whitney Burr on Burton's education.
Dexter, Franklin Bowditch. Addresses of the Living Graduates of Yale College. New Haven:
Eaton, John. Grant, Lincoln, and the Freedmen: Reminiscences of the Civil War. New York:
Negro Universities Press, 1907.
Eaton, John. Report of the General Superintendent of Freedom Department of Tennessee and
the State of Arkansas for 1864. Memphis, 1865.
Eddy, Thomas Mears. The Patriotism of Illinois. Chicago: Clarke & Co., 1866.
A General Catalogue of the Divinity School of Yale College. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse,
and Taylor, 1873.
Hicks, E.W. History of Kendall County, Illinois: From the Earliest Discoveries to the Present
Time. Aurora: Knickerbocker & Hodder, 1877.
History of Henry County, Illinois. Chicago: H.F. Kett, 1877.
Niles, Hezekiah. Niles National Register. Vol 65.
Perna, Beverly Hill. .Zilpah Polly Grant Banister, Nineteenth-Century Seminary Principal: An
Inquiry into her Contributions to and Impact on the Advancement of Higher Education of
Women.. PhD diss., University of Massachusetts, Lowell, 1999.
Porterfield, Amanda. Mary Lyon and the Mount Holyoke Missionaries. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1997.
Roys, Auren. A Brief History of the Town of Norfolk: From 1738 to 1844. New York: Henry
Smith & Du Moulin. Illinois State Business Directory, 1860. Chicago: J.C.W. Bailey & Co..
Smith, Carlton. Elijah Grant and the Ohio Phalanx: A Study in American Utopianism. MA
thesis, University of Chicago, 1950.
Trumbull, J. Hammond. The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884.
Boston, E.L. Osgood, 1886.
Walker, Cam. "Corinth: The Story of a Contraband Camp." Civil War History 20, no. 1 (1974):
Watson, Doris Finch. "Rudolph Barnard Griswold, M.D.: The Banksville Country Doctor." The
North Castle Historical Society 18 (1991).
Woodruff, George H. Fifteen Years Ago: or, the Patriotism of Will County. Joliet, 1876.
Woodruff, George H., William Henry Perrin, H.H. Hill. History of Will County, Illinois.
Chicago: W. LeBaron, Jr., & Co., 1878.
Cowles, Calvin D. Genealogy of the Cowles Family in America. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse
& Taylor, 1929.
Works by correspondents:
Burgess, Ebenezer. Translation of the Surya-Siddhanta, a Textbook of Hindu Astronomy with
Notes and Appendix. Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1860.
Burgess, Ebenezer. What Is Truth? An Inquiry Concerning the Antiquity and Unity of the
Human Race, with an Examination of the Recent Scientific Speculations on these Subjects.
Boston: I.P. Warren, 1871.
Crissey, Theron Wilmot. History of Norfolk, Litchfield County, Connecticut. Everett:
Massachusetts Publishing Company, 1900.
Grant, E.P. Co-operation, or, a Sketch of the Conditions of Attractive Industry: an Outline of a
Plan for the Organization of Labor. New York: American News Company, 1870.