| In the years following the American
opportunities for schooling and education began to increase,
a rise in literacy rates. Education was very important to the new
because most believed that an educated person made the best citizen.
for girls began to appear, teaching reading, writing, and
This 1811 trade card announces the opening of a new school for
|Becoming a school teacher
to many women in rural areas, and to single women who did not want
in a mill, and who probably would not continue working after
trade card from 1836 specifically advertises the start of a new
at a school for girls.
As education and schooling for girls
widespread, schools began to open with college level classes for
The Oread Institute in Worcester, Massachusetts, claimed to offer a
happy and fulfilling educational environment for women. As shown in
March 19, 1853, issue of Gleason's Pictorial, the Oread
was said to give women privileges normally reserved for men.
The Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, which
for the education of African Americans in 1868, was founded by the
Missionary Association. Women were admitted into the Industrial
where they learned to make garments by using various types of
and were taught economical housekeeping. All students had to
a certain number of hours a week of manual labor. According to the
catalog, this was necessary for "purposes of discipline and
This image is of the Girl's Industrial Room at the school.
as an occupation, employed only a very small percentage of the
force, but it was a significant opportunity nonetheless. However,
such as those who taught at Sabbath Schools, were unpaid. This
"Picture of the first Infant Sabbath School," is from a
card for the sabbath school. The school was established in the First
Church in Boston in 1829, and one of its teachers was a woman.