Each volume of the mid-nineteenth century magazine, Yankee
included a section called "Live Portraits,"
illustration and description of various women's jobs. The December
1846, issue focused on "Map Colorers." This work was
done by girls who had some art training. They also had to be
and patient enough to finish maps that were quite complicated.
|Girls who had a talent and
for art tended to make the best lithographers. However, many men
employed in the field, and some believed they were more proficient.
companies like Currier & Ives would sometimes send to France for
lithographers because there weren't enough in America. The image to
left, called "St. John's P.E. Church, Mt. Morris," is by
Palmer. She studied lithography in London, and was best-known for
drawings. The image to the right, called "Scene in
by Catherine Scollay, who was employed by Pendleton's Lithography of
Lithography was a lucrative career for skilled artists such as
Scollay. Click on images to enlarge.
This February 13, 1858, illustration called "Girls Making
comes from Harper's Weekly Magazine.
When Esther Howland of Worcester, Massachusetts, began her
business, she placed her first advertisement in a local newspaper,
Daily Spy on February 5, 1850.
|The Oread Institute, in
Massachusetts, was an important and popular women's school from 1848
it closed its doors in 1881. This ca. 1870's photograph is
only because it captures the school in its final years, but because
taken by a woman, Ms. Augustine H. Folsom. Click to enlarge.
Performing, whether in the circus or on the stage, was not viewed
a respectable occupation for women. Since it took women out of the
it was viewed as an occupation that would demoralize them.
The image to the left is of a female snake charmer, who was
part of a performing group. The center image is of Lavinia Warren,
married Tom Thumb in 1863 and occasionally performed in P. T.
Circus Act. The image of the tightrope walkers to the right comes
a 1818 circus broadside that advertised tightrope walkers,
stunts to be performed by both men and women.