The Freemasons, an international fraternal organization originating in England, established lodges in America in the 1730s.   Many of the founding fathers were Masons; and the Masons continued to be the most prominent fraternal organization in the United States during the nineteenth century.  Several documents dated 1852 and issued to William N. Green, a member of the Morning Star Lodge of Worcester, Massachusetts, give a sense of Masonic imagery and practice.  According to the rule, Green signed his name on either side of the columns framing the text that certifies his admission to the third degree of masonry.


download high-res image | collection inventory page | < figure 34 | figure 36 > [photographic print of William N. Green]








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