Edward Hazen’s Panorama of Professions and Trades, published in Philadelphia in 1836, contains more extensive and complex text. Written for use in schools and at home, the entries read like an encyclopedia article and include moral commentary. For example, the description for the “The Brewer, and the Distiller” [Distiller, featured left] dispenses detailed information on the making of beer, ale, porter, whiskey, and wine, while decrying alcohol as “destructive of health, and the primary cause of most of the crimes and pauperism, in all places where its consumption is common.” Hazen credits temperance societies with diminishing these problems.

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