Blakely, Judith. “The American Art-Union Contribution to American Prints.” Imprint 1 (October 1976): 6-11.

Cole, Donald B. and John J. McDonough. Witness to the Young Republic: A Yankee’s Journal, 1828-1870, Benjamin Brown French. Hanover, N. H., University Press of New England, 1989.

Cowdrey, Mary Bartlett. The American Academy of Fine Arts and American Art Union, 1816-1852. New York: New-York Historical Society, 1953.

Horton, James Oliver and Lois E. Horton. Black Bostonians: Family Life and Community Struggle in the Antebellum North. New York and London: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc., 1979.

Lacey, Barbara E.  From Sacred to Secular: Visual Images in Early American Publications. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2007.

Levy, Lester S. Picture the Songs: Lithographs from the Sheet Music of Nineteenth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Lhamon, W. T., Jr., ed.  Jump Jim Crow: Lost Plays, Lyrics, and Street Prose of the First Atlantic Popular Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.

MacNulty, W. Kirk. Freemasonry: A Journey through Ritual and Symbol.  London: Thames & Hudson, 1991.

Mann, Maybelle. The American Art-Union. Otisville, N. Y.: ALM Associates, 1977.

Nathan, Hans. Dan Emmett and the Rise of Early Negro Minstrelsy. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.

Newell, Aimee E. “Symbols of Brotherhood: A Primer on Masonic Prints.” Imprint 32, no. 2 (Autumn 2007): 28-41.

Reaves, Wendy Wick. George Washington, an American Icon: The Eighteenth-Century Graphic Portraits. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Charlottesville, Va.: Distributed by the University Press of Virginia, 1982.   

Reilly, Bernard F., Jr.  “The Art of the Anti Slavery Movement.”  In Courage and Conscience: Black & White Abolitionists in Boston, edited by Donald M. Jacobs, 47-73. Bloomington, Indiana: published for the Boston Athenaeum by Indiana University Press, 1993.

Rorabaugh, W. J. The Alcohol Republic: An American Tradition. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Tatham, David. The Lure of the Striped Pig: The Illustration of Popular Music in America, 1820-1870. Barre, Mass.: Imprint Society, 1973.

Toll, Robert C. Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Wing, Don and Anne Wing. “Membership Certificates of Nineteenth-Century Mechanics’ Associations.” The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc. 61, no. 4 (December 2008): 143-156.


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