American Antiquarian 
Society logoAAS Online 

David Claypoole Johnston

Johnston's Five States of Marker and Sleeper


One remarkable aspect of the Johnston Collection is a group of progressive proofs that are titled as the five states of Marker and Sleeper or Sound Asleep & Wide Awake. Each state of engraving shows an increased progression of detail through the fifth state, which is the most detailed and final state. It is very unusual to have a series of working proofs such as this all together in one collection. Shown here is the original 1855 transfer drawing. Click to enlarge.



Marker and Sleeper State 1

State 1


State 2


State 3


State 4


State 5




This is the 1855 watercolor version. There is a man standing behind a box to the left rather than to the right. Also, the posters on the wall are missing, and are instead replaced with a window frame and brick. Click to enlarge.


American Antiquarian 
Society logo

This site and all contents ©  2003 American Antiquarian Society

Last updated March 24, 2003

Valid HTML 4.01!

Marker and Sleeper Introduction Johnston's Satirical Influence Johnston's Five States Johnston's Watercolors Johnston's Drawings Johnston's Theatrical Influence Johnston's Political Influence Johnston's Publications Link Acknowledgements Bibliography Collection