From English to Algonquian: Early New England Translations

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Printed in London in 1643, Roger Williams’s Key to the Language of America functions as a dictionary of the Algonquian language. Within the text, Williams lists English to Algonquian translations of common words or phrases with sections on the…

This is the second edition of the Algonquian Bible, printed in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1685. This edition is “much corrected and amended” from the first, and took approximately five years to print. The imprint statement on the title…

In 1699, Bartholomew Green, son of Samuel Green, printed a translation of A Confession of FaithOwned and ConsentedUntoby the Elders & Messengers of the ChurchesAssembledatBoston in NewEngland,May12,1680. This Confession of Faith outlines the…

This volume, with spine title Indian History Tracts, holds a collection of ten tracts published in England between 1643 and 1655. Collectively, these are known as the Eliot Tracts, though John Eliot did not author all of them. Other authors include…

Charles Evans’s American Bibliography gives this work the distinction of being the first book printed in a native language in Boston. A collection of sermons given by Increase Mather, the text is titled Greatest Sinners Exhorted and Encouraged…

Missionary work among the native population in New England did not begin in earnest until several years after English settlements had been established at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. New England’s First Fruits is the colonists’…

Printed in London in 1634, New England’s Prospect served as one of England’s earliest and best glimpses into life in the New World. The text of the work included descriptions of plant life, geography, and climate in addition to…

This work is a translation of Lewis Bayly’s Practice of Piety: Directing a Christian How to Walk that He May Please God, attributed to John Eliot. English clergyman Lewis Bayly was best known for this Christian devotional, which was first…

Thomas Shepard’s popular catechism, The Sincere Convert: Discovering the Small Number of True Beleevers, and the Great Difficulty of Saving Conversion, was first printed in London in 1641. The translation of this work into Algonquian was a…

John Cotton authored many religious texts and sermons, including the popular children’s catechism, Milk for Babes. Drawn Out of the Breasts of Both Testaments. Chiefly, for the Spiritual Nourishment of Boston Babes in Either England: But May Be…