West of the Mississippi
Kaskaskia Republican (Illinois). Apr. 24, 1825, vol. 3, no. 107.
Kaskaskia was the territorial capitol of Illinois and first capital of the state until it was moved to Vandalia in 1819. It was also where the first newspaper of Illinois was published in 1814. The city was the center of the regional economy in the 18th and early 19th century but due to problems caused by the shifting of the Mississippi River, and the environmental harm caused by the extensive cutting of trees to fuel riverboats, the population of the town dwindled from a high of 7,000 in the nineteenth century to just fourteen in 2010.