Charles W. Sanders, Sanders’ Bilder-Fibel=Sanders’ Pictorial Primer. New York, Cincinnati, and Chicago: American Book Co., 1846.
This pictorial primer features German and English texts on facing pages with identical illustrations, and was published simultaneously in three cities having prominent German-speaking communities. Antebellum images of playgrounds are fairly rare, and in this case, the sexes were clearly separated by a wall. The English text explains the gendered world of the school yard: “See the boys and girls at play. …Some [boys] play at ball; some train with their guns and swords. The girls roll their hoops or ride in the swing. Some jump the rope and some play with their dolls.”