Empire State of Mind
George Lippard, The Empire City; or, New York by Night and Day. Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers, 1864.
New York City has long been a place where economic inequality is evident. In the mid-nineteenth century, new critiques of the urban environment were highlighted in the “city mystery” genre and George Lippard was one of its leading practitioners. As its subtitle indicates, his novel The Empire City is about New York City -- “its aristocracy and its dollars.”