Equal Opportunity Dunce
Merry Making Riddles. Philadelphia & Baltimore: Fisher & Brother, ca. 1855-1864.
Images of female dunces are fairly rare in children’s books (boy dunces seem to corner the market), but here is a nice example of a naughty school girl standing on the dunce stool. Not only does she have to stand on a special stool, she has to wear a grotesque mask bearing the sign “dunce,” no doubt serving as a dramatic reminder to her schoolmates.